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Home Pediatric Dentistry Learning Center A Guide to Understanding Tooth Eruptions

A Guide to Understanding Tooth Eruptions

Illustration of a patient with teeth pain and dentist

Tooth eruptions refer to the process of a tooth breaking through the gums and becoming visible in the mouth. This happens when kids are maturing and losing their baby teeth. Understanding tooth eruptions in children is important for monitoring their dental development and ensuring proper oral care. 

Below we present a guide to understanding tooth eruptions in children:

  1. Timing of tooth eruptions: Tooth eruptions in children generally follow a predictable pattern, with most children getting their first tooth between 6-12 months of age. The primary or baby teeth usually erupt in a specific order and are usually fully erupted by the age of three. The permanent teeth begin to emerge around the age of 6 and continue until the age of 21.
  2. Erupting teeth patterns: The first teeth to emerge are usually the lower central incisors, followed by the upper central incisors. The lateral incisors, first molars, canines, and second molars follow in a specific order.
  3. Pain and discomfort: Tooth eruptions can cause discomfort and pain, especially as the tooth pushes against the gums. This discomfort is usually temporary and it can be managed with over-the-counter pain relief medication or teething gels.
  4. Teething symptoms: Some children may experience symptoms such as drooling, biting, or irritability during tooth eruptions. These symptoms are normal and usually go away once the tooth has fully erupted.
  5. Orthodontic implications: Proper tooth eruptions are important for maintaining healthy oral development and preventing orthodontic issues in the future. If a tooth does not emerge properly, it may cause crowding or misalignment in the mouth.
  6. Importance of oral hygiene: As teeth begin to emerge, it is important to start a regular oral hygiene routine to prevent cavities and other dental problems. This includes brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups.

It’s important to understand tooth eruptions in children as it plays a key role in monitoring their dental development and ensuring proper oral care. Regular dental check-ups and a good oral hygiene routine can help prevent dental problems and maintain healthy oral development.

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