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Home General Oral Health Learning Center Cyst On Gums: Types, Causes, Treatment & Symptoms

Cyst On Gums: Types, Causes, Treatment & Symptoms

Cyst On Gums: Types, Causes, Treatment & Symptoms

Dental health is vital for overall well-being. However, issues like the Cyst on Gums can be alarming and uncomfortable. A Cyst on Gums, medically called a dental cyst, is a closed sac that develops abnormally in or around the teeth and jaw. While they often grow slowly and remain undetected for a long time, understanding their types, causes, symptoms, and treatments is easy for maintaining optimal oral hygiene. This blog will discuss the types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery sessions. So, read this blog carefully. Let us get started:

 Types of Dental Cysts

Cysts on Gums can vary in type and location. Here are the most common types:

  1. Dentigerous Cyst: This type of cyst usually forms around the crown of an unerupted tooth, such as wisdom teeth or upper canines. It is typically discovered during routine dental X-rays.
  2. Periapical Cyst (Odontogenic or Radicular Cyst): These cysts are caused by trauma or decay that leads to the death of the tooth pulp. They are usually found at the tip of the root of a dead tooth.
  3. Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumors (KCOTs): These are more aggressive cysts that can recur even after treatment and need careful monitoring.

Causes of Dental Cysts

Several factors can contribute to the formation of a cyst on the gums:

  • Infection and Decay: Dental cysts often develop due to tooth decay or infection, which can cause the death of the tooth pulp.
  • Trauma: Injury to a tooth can lead to the development of a dental cyst.
  • Genetic Factors: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to developing dental cysts.
  • Impacted Teeth: Teeth that do not fully erupt can cause surrounding tissue to form a cyst.

 Symptoms of Dental Cysts

Initially, dental cysts may not present any noticeable symptoms. However, as they grow or become infected, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Sensitive Teeth: Increased sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks.
  • Teeth Displacement: Gaps may appear between teeth as the cyst grows and pushes them apart.
  • Loose Teeth: Teeth may become loose if the cyst is large enough.
  • Swelling: Localized swelling in the gum area can occur.
  • Discomfort: Pressing on a specific area of the gum may cause discomfort.
  • Numbness: In some cases, cysts can press on nerves, leading to numbness in the face or gums.

 Diagnosis and Treatment

 How Dentists Discover Dental Cysts

Dental cysts are often discovered during routine dental X-rays, as they are not usually visible during a physical examination. They appear as dark patches on the X-ray. In some cases, large cysts may be detected through a thorough oral examination if they cause noticeable changes in the mouth.

 Treatment Options

1.    Small Cysts

Antibiotics and Anti-inflammatories: Small dental cysts can sometimes be treated with medication. The body may absorb the cyst naturally, eliminating the need for surgical intervention.

2.    Large Cysts

  • Surgical Removal: Larger cysts usually require surgical removal. This procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia. In some cases, the associated tooth may also be removed.
  • Marsupialization: This technique involves making a slit in the cyst and suturing it open, allowing it to drain freely. This method is used for larger cysts that cannot be entirely removed in one procedure.
  • Bone Grafting: If the cyst leaves a significant void in the jawbone, bone graft material may be used to fill the space and promote healing.

 Recovery and Aftercare

Recovery from dental cyst removal surgery generally takes a couple of weeks. The following steps are crucial for a smooth recovery:

  • Good Oral Hygiene: Maintaining proper oral hygiene is vital to prevent infection and promote healing.
  • Follow-Up Appointments: Regular follow-up visits with the dentist are necessary to monitor healing and ensure no recurrence of the cyst.
  • Medication: Pain relievers and antibiotics may be prescribed to manage discomfort and prevent infection.

Do Gum Cysts Resolve Without Treatment?

Gum cysts can sometimes resolve independently with a proper oral hygiene routine. A cyst may develop if you’ve experienced less-than-ideal oral care, such as during camping trips or festivals. For many, resuming good oral hygiene practices can prevent the cyst from worsening, making it manageable without additional treatment.

To increase the chances of a gum cyst resolving on its own, consider the following tips:

  • Avoid Irritating the Cyst: Be gentle around the cyst when brushing your teeth. Pressing down too hard or using harsh motions can irritate it further. Aim to lightly graze the area without applying too much pressure.
  • Refrain from Licking or Touching the Cyst: It might be tempting to lick or itch the cyst with your tongue, but this can aggravate it and potentially cause it to rupture, leading to discomfort and unpleasantness.
  • Small Cysts Often Go Unnoticed: Minor cysts can appear and disappear without detection. They are similar to spots, pimples, or boils and might not be felt or noticed on the gum tissue.

Maintaining good oral hygiene and being mindful of these tips can help manage and resolve gum cysts without needing medical intervention.


Dental cysts, though often benign, can cause significant discomfort and dental issues if left untreated. By promptly understanding and addressing dental cysts, individuals can maintain better oral health and avoid potential complications. Regular dental visits and good oral hygiene practices are the best defenses against dental cysts and other oral health issues. If you also suffer from cysts on gums, do not hesitate to consult our expert dentists. At you will find the best dentist. Just contact us at Northeastview Dental.


 1. Can A Dental Cyst Go Away On Its Own?

No, dental cysts typically do not go away on their own. They usually require treatment, either through medication or surgical removal.

 2. Are Dental Cysts Painful To Remove?

Dental cyst removal is not painful as it is performed under local anesthesia. Some discomfort may be experienced after the procedure, but it can be managed with pain relievers.

 3. How Can I Prevent Dental Cysts?

Maintaining good oral hygiene, regular dental check-ups, and promptly addressing dental issues like cavities or injuries can help prevent the formation of dental cysts.

 4. What Is The Difference Between A Dental Cyst And An Abscess?

A dental cyst is generally not infected, while an abscess is an infection that can occur within or near a cyst. Abscesses often require antibiotic treatment or surgical drainage.

 5. How Long Does It Take To Recover From Dental Cyst Removal Surgery?

Recovery from dental cyst removal surgery typically takes about two weeks, during which the surgical site heals and any numbness or discomfort subsides.